Posts Tagged Marzano

Ideas for Providing Feedback

Want to make a difference in your classroom? Let your students know how they are doing!

The most powerful single modification that enhances achievement is feedback. [Hattie, 1992]

According to Robert Marzano’s Classroom Instruction that Works -providing feedback to students can be the single most important change you make in your classroom.  Research shows that:

  1. Feedback should be corrective in nature – Let’s students’ know why what they are doing is right or wrong.
  2. Feedback should be timely – the more the delay the less effective it is
  3. Feedback should be specific to a criterion – Focus on how they are doing based on the skill and not in relation to other students.
  4. Students can effectively provide some of their own feedback – Students can track as their learning occurs – ex.  accuracy and speed

Technology can provide new and innovative ways to provide this for students.

  • Rubrics
  • Online Publishing – Blogs
    • Blogger – hosted by Google – also free to use.  You can take the “next blog link” off the top banner with some simple coding.
    • ePals – provides safe email and blog platforms for schools
    • Edublogs – free blogs for classrooms.  They are running google keyword ads now so be careful.
  • Polls
    • Turning Points – Clickers – RRISD created tutorials for Turning Points –
    • Quia – free 30 day trial version is available
    • Survey Monkey
    • Google Forms – create online quizzes for free.  Responses are stored in a spreadsheet for further analysis.  Must have a Google account.
    • Poll Everywhere create polls that participants can respond to via, text, twitter, smartphone, or web.

Note about Cell Phones:  We are a ways away in our district from asking students to pull out their cell phones to text in answers, but this is a technology worth watching.  The polls on Poll Everywhere allow for web voting as well.   Polls can be embedded into webpages and blogs to see instant results, as well as downloadable PowerPoint slides.

I built some sample text polls with Poll Everywhere to test it out:

All my resources for this post can be found on my diigo account.
I’ll continue to add more as I find them.

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Skype in Education

I recently polled my staff on various technology training topics.   Surprisingly the most requested training was on Skype and webcams.  What is the hook with Skype and how can it be used in education?

I started putting together a wikipage on the ins and outs of Skype and uses.  I can see how this can make a difference.  Today I was researching through my PLN on twitter and ran across a presentation by Robert Marzano who was emphasizng the need for feedback and how interactive whiteboards and clickers helped provide that for students.  This got me thinking about how vital videoconferencing could be on doing the same thing.

Student could connect with others, explain learning, and perform a band piece to an expert and get immediate real-world feedback on their learning.   No longer are they doing the work for the teacher to see, but for a real person that they can see and talk to.  I am getting more excited about Skype.

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Marzano and Web 2.0 – What more could a girl ask for?

I have been a fan of Robert Marzano’s work since I read Classroom Instruction that Works  several years ago.  He broke down what teachers could do into doable “chunks” with research to prove that it works.  I have designed staff development around this model for years and incorporated my CRISS trainings to include this research.  So image my excitement when I discovered this wiki : Web 2.0 That Works!

According to Marzano’s research there are 9 Key areas for Classroom Instruction to focus on:

  • Identifying Similarities and Differences
  • Cooperative Learning
  • Summarizing and Note-Taking
  • Reinforcing Effort and Providing Recognition
  • Homework and Practice
  • Non-linguistic Representation
  • Setting Objectives and Providing Feedback
  • Generating and Testing Hypotheses
  • Questions, Cues and Advance Organizers

The wiki gives the basic info about each area, lists tools that address that area and gives examples of these tools being used by teachers and students.  The difference between this and a regular web page is that a web page is static for the most part with one “expert” author, this allows any of us to add in new tools and to share our examples with other educators.  This is also a great place to check out some web 2.0 tools that you have not heard about before.

So what categories does blogging fit in?  Identifying Similarities and Differences, Cooperative Learning, Summarizing and Note-Taking, Homework and Practice, Generating and Testing Hypotheses, Questions, Cues and Advance Organizers

What other topics in education could you see wikis being used to help collaboration?  Do you see a benefit of having multiple authors on resource?  Do you trust the information?

Edited to add in this resource: – “Many teachers are asking how technology can be integrated with these strategies to improve student learning.  Click on the links (each bar of the graph below) to review those strategies and see examples and templates to support technology integration.”

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Graphic Organizers

Graphic Organizers are a long time tool of teachers.  They are a great tool to be used in any subject area, fit a variety of learning styles and are well researched as to their effectiveness.  Robert Marzano talks about the effectiveness of using Advance Organizers in his book, Classroom Instruction that Works and A Handbook for Classroom Instruction that Works.   

When the information you are presenting is unfamiliar to students, and when the relationships among pieces of information are complex, you might want to present students with graphic organizers that have much, if not all, of the information already filled in.  Using this tool, students can develop a familiarity with both the information and the relationships among the pieces of information before the initial process begins.  (pg 285)

If you feel students will be able to understand new information on their own, you can provide them with blank organizers.  A blank organizer provides conceptual “hooks” on which students can hang ideas that might seem disconnected without the organizer. (pg 286)

I also like to use them as a note-taking sheet while researching online.  It is so much harder to plaguerize when students have to take short concise notes about what they are reading.

How to make Graphic Organizers? 

Inspiration is a great tool to create graphic organizers.  It has premade templates and can easily be modified to fit the situation needed.  Teachers could even create(or modify) a template and post it in a shared location for students to begin using as a starting point. Inspiration is a great brainstorming tool as a class or as an individual and can be switched from graphic format to an outline form with the click of a button.  I have included a quick start guide for Inspiration 8:   Getting Started Guide to Inspiration 8

 Publisher is another tool to use, but it has to be manipulated more than using Inspiration. Publisher 2002 User Guide

Why do or don’t you use graphic organizers in the classroom? 

On a side note: Listen to an interview conducted by ASCD with Robert Marzano about his new book The Art and Science of Teaching:  


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